Nicolas Sarkozy is a monarch, Prince Philip is a God

In 1278, the sovereignty of the tiny Principality of Andorra, located in the Pyrenees between Spain and France, was split between two co-princes: the Bishop of Urgell in Spain and the Count of Foix in France. The last Count of Foix was Henri de Bourbon, a descendent of King Louis IX. When, in 1589 he outlasted Henry III of France and Henry I, Duke of Guise in the War of the Three Henrys to become King Henry IV of France, the Andorran title went with him.

To this day, the French head of state also acts as the prince of Andorra. The current rulers are Archbishop Joan Enric Vives i Sicilia and Prince Nicholas Sarkozy.

To the Yaohnanen tribe on the island of Tanna in Vanuatu, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and self-confessed cantankerous old sod, is a God. The origins of the Prince Philip movement are unclear but it gained momentum after his visit to Vanuatu in 1974. Over the years, the prince and the Yaohnanen have exchanged gifts. In 2007, a British reality TV show organised for some of the islanders to travel to Britain to visit Prince Philip.

The Prince Philip movement is an example of a cargo cult, a religious movement that emerges in a tribal society after contact with members of a more affluent, technologically advanced society. Tanna island appears to be fertile ground for cargo cults; many emerged after US troops were stationed on the island during the second world war. The John Frum cult and the Tom Navy cult persist today.

Like the Prince Philip movement, the Rastafari movement regards a world leader as its deity. Born Lij Tafari Makonnen, later Ras Tafari Makonnen (Ras meaning Duke), Haile Selassie ruled as emperor of Ethiopia for nearly forty-four years. News of his coronation in 1930 ignited the Rastafari movement in Jamaica. When Selassie visited Jamaica in 1966, 100,000 Rastafari were at the airport to greet him. The date, April 21, is celebrated as Grounation Day, the second holiest day in the Rastafarian calendar.

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